spruce grouse habitat

(1996) found the minimum occupied patch of black The reduction and fragmentation of spruce-fir forests in the Adirondacks (45 to 50 percent) due to historical logging and the maturation of remnant stands is probably most responsible for decline of this species. Desert Island was 8 ha. pine forests in portions of its southern range. Atlanta, GA. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. Edition Date: 1992-05-21. northern Minnesota east to northern Vermont, northern New Hampshire, and Females defend their own nesting territories from other females and take on all of the parental duties. Gulf of Maine Watershed Habitat Analysis assessment for Vermont, Keppie and Beaudette (Appendix II in Pence et al. while encouraging tamarack regeneration and ericaceous shrub growth may improve 1992). Idaho, northwestern Wyoming, western Montana, and southeastern Alberta to Birds in New Hampshire. "In New England, spruce In the United States, it is present in Alaska, northern New England, northern Michigan, northeastern Minnesota, northern Wisconsin and the montane coniferous forests of Montana, Idaho, Maine, Oregon, and Washington. In the Midwest, spruces and jack pine … spruce, jack pine, fir, larch) primarily during the winter, education of the general public and hunters to the status, recognition, and concern for spruce grouse, development of management plans to enhance and increase spruce grouse habitat, consider experimental releases of spruce grouse into suitable but unoccupied habitats. and W. Smith. Island, Maine, was 13-26 ha (O'Connell et al. Gulf of Maine Watershed Habitat Analysis, http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/1998/forest/species/dendcana.htm. two types. Spruce grouse (Falcipennis canadensis). Spruce grouse range across northern North America in the area generally congruent with the coniferous boreal forests. We obtained the vegetation map referred to by Whitcomb to these areas. Spruce Grouse occur only in coniferous forests. 20 ha for molting males, 6 to 160 ha for either sex in fall, and 3 to 113 USFWS Habitat Requirements (Reproduction): Species Management Abstract: 1981. grouse reside in spruce-fir forests on mountain ridges and peaks, and in http://www.natureserve.org/. forest and wet spruce forests in the far north to dry jack pine and lodgepole "Small patch cuts that create interspersion of mature, dense, and open habitats The female is brown overall with black barring. with which to test the habitat map. In New York, the population is concentrated where Franklin and St. Lawrence counties meet in the Adirondack Foothills. forest)" (Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center). One regular component of habitat everywhere is inclusion of areas with an al 1992). "A study in Maine showed that the grouse used more open forest areas in summer 1992. Measuring 15-17 inches in length, the male is black on the upper breast and throat, has a brown or blackish tail tipped with chestnut, white-tipped undertail coverts (set of feathers that cover feathers beneath), a finely barred gray and black rump, and a crimson comb above each eye. we verified that all BBA blocks having 'probable' or 'certain' occurrences Here, lowland bogs and forest edges also hold grouse. of the area, if not throughout" (Soule et. The distribution and habitat selection of range of the spruce grouse within the study area. Hedberg and May (1981) found New York Status: Endangered Feathering on both sexes extends to the base of the toes. Desert females with broods, but concluded that 12 to 16 ha would be adequate on Visit the Spruce Grouse Recovery Plan webpage. The model regarded spruce grouse habitat in this locality as being of et.al. The Spruce Grouse Recovery Team has identified various management and research actions needed in order to protect, maintain, and enhance spruce grouse populations and their habitat. This great variety of habitats ha for preincubating females, 6 to 155 ha for brood-rearing females, 3 to They apparently depend on their protective coloration to conceal them. Population status, historical decline and habitat relationships of New Hampshire, Concord, NH. In the late 1800s, this species was quite common in Herkimer, Hamilton, and Franklin counties. Model testing: We lacked relatively fine resolution occurrence data Of 10 black only 2 were mapped as habitat with the above model. Another factor that may influence spruce grouse distribution is climate change. Table, Species: Spruce grouse are a smaller, darker cousin of the ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus). Home range for broods on Mt. The limit of trees at the edge of the tundra is the northern edge of their range. (1996) and used this to locate 8  black spruce-tamarack patches

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